Date of Award


Document Type

Non Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education




Educational Technology

Capstone Instructor

Robin Percival

Second Reader

Nora Flom


coding, computational thinking, elementary, problem-solving


This capstone project focused on the potential benefits of coding, specifically for elementary-aged children. The literature review analyzed fifteen studies from around the world about benefits that could be gained from coding. Students coded with unplugged methods, block-based programs, and robots. Problem-solving was a common benefit found in research about elementary coding. Research also supported that specific content areas could be positively impacted through coding such as computational thinking and mathematical reasoning. Coding encouraged transferable life skills such as planning, collaboration, and creativity. (Arslan & Çelik, 2022; Murcia et al., 2020; O’Grady-Jones & Grant,2023;Wilson, 2020). Additionally, exposure to coding at a young age increased student interest in potentially lucrative STEM careers (Ogegbo & Aina, 2023; Ragusa & Leung, 2023). While more research was needed about which specific programs or resources had the greatest impact, all coding lessons led to increased skill-building for elementary students and would be a beneficial technology to increase student achievement.