Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education




Educational Leadership

Capstone Instructor

Brian Boothe

Second Reader

Oluwatoyin Akinde Fakuajo


autism spectrum disorder (ASD), inclusive education, evidence-based practices, least restrictive environment (LRE), professional development (PD)


This comprehensive review delves into the complexities surrounding the education of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The exploration begins by addressing educator, parental, and paraprofessional perspectives. It reveals challenges related to a lack of autism competence among teachers, managing student behavior, and the pursuit of alternative placements by parents seeking tailored educational experiences. Examining the historical context of ASD, considering its neurodevelopmental nature, emphasizes the importance of continuously evolving teacher preparedness to meet the diverse needs of students. The studies draw attention to the multifaceted challenges educators face, particularly in the absence of consistent training in evidence-based practices (EBPs) for ASD. The call for ongoing professional development demands continuous learning to address the dynamic needs of students. The absence of a one- size-fits-all intervention reinforces the importance of personalized strategies informed by ongoing research, collaboration, and training. This comprehensive examination calls for an adaptive approach to education, acknowledging the unique needs of students with ASD and fostering inclusive environments that promote their academic and social success.