An Investigation into the Impact of Foot Orthotics on Flatfoot Deformity: A Review of Literature

Date of Award

Summer 6-28-2023

Document Type

Non Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Orthotics and Prosthetics



First Advisor

Angel Askie


This review of literature focuses on foot orthotics (FO) for flatfoot deformity (pes planus) and their effects on sensory feedback, gait alterations, and plantar pressures. The study aims to explore the biomechanical influence and long-term effects on the several types of FO which include custom-made, textured, and prefabricated insoles. This review of literature aids in finding the advancements made in orthotics and highlights the importance for further research in comparing several types of FO and their prescriptions. Existing studies have investigated sensory feedback, plantar pressures, gait parameters, and ankle stability using various measurement systems. Unfortunately, there is a lack of research on the long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the different types of FO. The findings of this study will contribute to existing published literature by examining the benefits of different FO and providing insights for future clinical practices. This review emphasizes the necessity of FO comfort and design in FO interventions and highlights the limitations in current research, which include short study durations and small sample sizes. For future research, literature should address these limitations and explore the effectiveness of FO in dynamic athletic activities and specific targeted populations. In conclusion, FO shows promise in addressing pes planus complications, and further research is needed to add to the current knowledge so they can help enhance their usage in a clinical setting.

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