CUP Undergraduate Research


Gender Role Perception and Sport Participation among Females

Date of Award

Spring 5-6-2009

Document Type

Restricted Access Thesis


College of Theology, Arts, & Sciences



Degree Name

Psychology, BA

First Advisor

Erin Mueller, PhD


While popular opinion still holds sport as a traditionally male domain, it is vital to recognize the rising number of female participation in the last thirty years. Additionally, females’ perceived ability to hold both masculine and feminine characteristics has become more apparent. This present study examines the relationship between female athletes’ gender role perception and their intent to continue playing. Research is primarily based on Bem’s gender schema theory. First, it was hypothesized that female athletes’ expressed intention to continue sport will not correlate gender role perception (i.e., male or female). Secondly, it was hypothesized that results will show a majority of the female athletes categorized as psychologically androgynous. Consistent with the initial hypothesis, there was no significant relationship between gender role perception and expressed intention to continue in sport in a sample of 30 freshmen and sophomore female collegiate athletes. The second hypothesis was unsupported, although results yielded further information indicating a majority of athletes, if not categorically androgynous, were categorically masculine.

Honors: Thesis with Distinction Award

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