Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Human Services


The evolving demographic landscape of the American criminal justice system, with increasing numbers of transgender individuals incarcerated, challenges traditional binary classifications and necessitates revisions in correctional evaluation methods. Balancing the specific needs of transgender inmates with the protection of women's rights and their safety is critical. This research evaluates ethical frameworks within correctional institutions, proposing a compassionate approach to prevent policy manipulation.

Addressing these challenges requires a multifaceted action plan, including establishing a task force, gender assessment protocols, comprehensive policies, and educational initiatives, all supported by ethical accountability. Three key policies—gender affirmation, zero-tolerance, and religious rights—are examined for their potential benefits and challenges in promoting safety, respect, and harmony within prison facilities.

Furthermore, the research underscores the importance of cognitive-behavioral interventions in understanding and addressing transgender inmates' needs, particularly in navigating gender identity issues. It advocates for an action plan grounded in behavior chain concepts, leveraging the social-ecological model and evidence-based practices for inmate rehabilitation to foster positive change and reduce recidivism rates. Lastly, the research addresses the concerning trend of sexual offenders falsely claiming transgender identity and emphasizes the imperative of safeguarding the rights and safety of all individuals within correctional settings.